Introduction and definitions
Until recently, “blended learning” described all teaching/learning concepts that provide a didactically meaningful combination of classroom events and virtual learning based on new information and communication media.
The Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien (IWM) offers the following definition on its portal, www.e-teaching.org:
« All teaching scenarios that do not exclusively take place face to face or online may be deemed blended learning or hybrid learning; i.e. a combination of virtual and non-virtual teaching settings and methods».1
As the coronavirus pandemic has either prevented or severely restricted the possibility of classroom teaching, we understand blended learning as a didactically meaningful combination of:
- synchronous2 “in-person” classes in a virtual or physical classroom (or in a hybrid classroom; i.e. some students in a physical classroom with a live webcast for those not present)
- with independent asynchronous3 learning based on new information and communication media.
1 Source: www.e-teaching.org, 15 June 2020
2 Synchronous: sharing a physical, hybrid or virtual location at the same time
3 Asynchronous: not dependent on time or location